Postpartum Depression Symptoms
If you experience any postpartum depression symptoms please seek medical advice immediately. Postpartum depression and anxiety are treatable with professional help.
The following post is a general guide to PND and should not be taken as medical advice which is required for PND.
What is Postpartum Depression?
Many women suffer from postpartum depression (or Postnatal Depression). Some medical illnesses where you can take medicine to help alleviate, or eliminate the illness, in the short term.
With PND, the process of acknowledging, diagnosing, receiving treatment, and then recovering from postpartum depression can take a long period of time.
What is of utmost importance is that you seek professional advice starting with your doctor.
How Common is PND?
According to the National Institutes of Mental Health, studies show that the childbearing years are when a woman is most likely to experience depression in her lifetime.
And approximately 15% of all women will experience postpartum depression following the birth of a child.
Postpartum Depression Symptoms
These Symptoms can occur any time in the first year postpartum:
1. Low self-esteem.
8. A feeling of being overwhelmed.
9. Sleep and eating disturbances.
10.Inability to be comforted.
11. Being unable to experience pleasure from activities usually found enjoyable.
12. Social withdrawal.
13. Little or no energy.
14. Becoming easily frustrated.
15. Feeling inadequate in taking care of the baby.
What Causes Postpartum Depression?
The potential causes of PND are often listed as hormonal changes, genetics, and major life events but this is not conclusive. Evidence suggests that hormonal changes may play a role.
Hormones which have been studied include thyroid hormone, testosterone, estrogen, progesterone, corticotropin releasing hormone, and cortisol.
Risk Factors For Postpartum Depression
Factors suggested to increase the risk of postpartum depression:
1. Reduced self-esteem.
2. Childcare or life stress.
3. Low social support.
4. Prenatal depression or anxiety.
5. A personal or family history of depression.
6. Moderate to severe premenstrual symptoms.
7. Maternity blues.
8. Previous stillbirth or miscarriage.
9. Formula-feeding rather than breast-feeding.
10. Cigarette smoking.
11. Poor marital relationship or single marital status.
12. Low socioeconomic status.
13. Infant temperament problems/colic.
14. Unplanned pregnancy.
15. Elevated prolactin levels.
16. Oxytocin depletion.
17.Birth-related psychological trauma.
18. Birth-related physical trauma.
Criteria for Diagnosis of PND
The criteria required for the diagnosis of PND include at least five of the following nine symptoms, within a two-week period:
1. Weight loss or decreased appetite.
2. Changes in sleep patterns.
3. Feelings of restlessness.
4. Feelings of sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness, nearly every day.
5. Loss of interest or pleasure in activities.
6. Loss of energy.
7. Feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
8. Loss of concentration or increased indecisiveness.
9. Recurrent thoughts of death, with or without plans of suicide.
Treatment for Postpartum Depression
There is a variety of treatment options available for PND and your treating medical health care provider will help you out here.
Treatment may include one or a combination of therapies such as non-pharmacologic therapy or medication.
Research has shown that exercise can play a major role in the recovery of PND. My post-baby workouts allow you to workout in the privacy of your own home.
This 20 minutes can help you to relax and take some time out for yourself.